Is Squatting Legal in Arizona?

Is Squatting Legal in Arizona?

Written by Deepak Bhagat, In Law, Published On
April 14, 2023

Squatting is when someone takes up residence in a home, building, or piece of land without legal permission from the property owner. This can be done in Arizona if a squatter meets certain requirements set by the state.

Is Squatting Legal in Arizona?

Adverse Possession

These requirements include public maintenance, public and continuous occupation for two years, and no legal action from the property owner. If this is met, a squatter may claim ownership of the property through adverse possession laws.

Adverse Possession

Adverse possession is a long-established legal concept that allows trespassers to gain ownership of a piece of land they have infringed upon. It’s a valuable tool that can help property owners reach a fair conclusion about a forgotten piece of land while giving trespassers the opportunity to take care of it for a long time without being asked to leave.

Many different requirements must be met for a squatter to claim adverse possession of a piece of property. For instance, they must be the only person occupying the property and have continuous possession of it for a certain period of time. They also must be hostile to the true owner’s rights.

Another requirement for a squatter to make an adverse possession claim is to have color of title, which means they have the required paperwork to own the property. If they do not have color of title, however, their claim will be disqualified.

Arizona has some of the strictest adverse possession laws in the country, and squatters must meet these requirements to claim the right to the property. They must be able to prove that they have been in possession of the property for a period of at least ten years and that their use of it was open, continuous, exclusive, and hostile to the owner’s rights.

This is why it’s important to inspect your property regularly for squatters and even evict them if you find they’re living on your property illegally. In addition, if you want to evict them, it’s best to do so in a judicial manner and not use “self-help” tactics like using a hammer to knock the walls down or other aggressive methods.

Squatters who have paid property taxes for at least 2 years can file an adverse possession claim to have the title transferred to them. This will give them easier time claiming the property in court, but it can still be challenging for you.

If you’re not sure if a squatter has been occupying your land legally, it’s best to act fast and consult an attorney before they can make a valid adverse possession claim. You may be able to file a quiet title lawsuit, which will prevent the squatter from filing an adverse possession action.

Quiet Title Lawsuits

When a property owner is concerned about other people’s claims to their property, they can seek to establish quiet title by filing a lawsuit. This legal process is often used to remove clouds or other disputes from a property’s title, which can make it difficult for potential buyers and sellers to purchase the property.

In Arizona real estate, quiet title actions are governed by A.R.S. 12-1101 and 1103. These laws outline the specific parameters for a quiet title lawsuit and how to recover attorneys’ fees in such cases.

To begin the quiet title lawsuit, a property owner must file a lawsuit in the county where their property is located. This is typically a simple and straightforward process and can take as little as 30 days or as long as one year, depending on the complexity of the case and the court’s backlog.

The underlying reason for the quiet title process is to establish a clear and marketable title to a property, which is important for individuals who want to sell or refinance their properties. A clear title can help you obtain the best possible terms for your property sale or purchase and allow you to use the property as you see fit.

A quiet title lawsuit is a great tool for property owners in Arizona who are concerned about other people’s claims to their properties. Whether they are worried about liens, boundary disputes, easements, gaps in the chain of ownership, adverse possession, or estate sales, a Prescott quiet title attorney can help to establish a clear and marketable title.

If you are unsure about your property’s title, it is recommended to consult with an experienced real estate attorney. An attorney will be able to review your property’s title, advise you on your options, and attempt to negotiate a resolution that is satisfactory to both parties.

If you are facing a quiet title lawsuit, hiring an attorney well-versed in real estate law is critical. An attorney will be able to explain the legal process, navigate the procedures for successfully quitting your title to your property, and help you obtain the judgment you deserve.


Squatters often come into possession of property without legal permission or a lease agreement, so it’s important to know your rights as an owner. Luckily, many states have laws that allow property owners to remove squatters peacefully and legally, as long as you follow the process correctly.

Squatting is dangerous and can result in property damage, theft, and even a lawsuit. If you have an issue with squatters on your property, it’s vital that you act quickly to regain control of your assets and protect yourself.

Evictions are a key part of squatting law and can make a big difference in the amount of time you have to remove the squatter from your property. This is a critical step in the process, so be sure to serve an eviction notice as soon as possible after you suspect squatting.

In addition to serving an eviction notice, filing an unlawful detainer lawsuit is important to ensure that you can evict the squatter. This will give you a court order to physically remove the squatter from your property and remove any belongings they may have left behind.

Once you’ve won your eviction, you can start collecting money from the squatter to pay for the unlawful detainer lawsuit’s costs and reimburse yourself for any damage they caused to your property. If you’re unsure how to handle this process, it’s best to call an attorney.

Adverse possession is a legal claim allowing squatters to get ownership of a property if they have occupied it openly and continuously for a certain period. The squatter must also have paid property taxes during the time they’ve been occupying the property.

The requirements for adverse possession vary from state to state, but squatters must have a certain amount of time occupied on the property before they can make an adverse possession claim. The squatter must have a valid reason for their claim and show that they were living on the property continuously during the statutory time frame.


Squatters can often become a major problem for property owners, especially those who are unprepared to deal with such individuals. Typically, they’re illegally occupying the property for a variety of reasons, including non-payment of rent or utility bills, fraudulent lease agreements, or a lack of proof that they own the home.

The squatter’s presence can be very difficult to manage, and it can result in considerable damage to your property. In addition, squatters may try to claim rights that don’t belong to them. This can create legal problems and delay removal, so it’s best to consult an attorney before trying to evict a squatter.

Unlike some states, Arizona does not require two decades of continuous possession for a squatter to make an adverse possession claim. They can claim adverse possession after only two years if the land is in a rural area or after five years if it’s located in a city.

However, adverse possession claims are often complicated, and they can be difficult to challenge. One way to do so is by filing a quiet title lawsuit. This can be done during the occupation or after learning of an adverse possession claim.

Another option is to serve the squatter with an eviction notice. In the state of Arizona, there are a few different eviction types that you can use to evict an occupant from your property.

A 5-Day Notice to Pay is usually the most appropriate option for evicting a squatter. This gives the squatter a maximum of five days to either pay overdue rent or move out.

If the squatter doesn’t respond to the eviction notice, you can file an official eviction petition with your local court system. This will allow you to remove the squatter from your property and ensure they don’t return.

In addition to evictions, you can also take other actions to remove squatters. You can turn off their utilities, for example, if they aren’t paying them. But this must be done in a reasonable manner, as it can lead to them becoming violent and damaging the property.

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